Thyroid cancer is a rare cancer of which exact causes are unknown. Types of thyroid cancer as as follow:
- Papillary thyroid cancer
- Follicular thyroid cancer
These two types of thyroid cancer develop and are treated in the same way. They are usually grouped together under the term "differentiated thyroid cancer" (DTC).
There are also some rarer types of thyroid cancer:
- Medullary cancer
- Anaplastic cancer
- Thyroid lymphoma
Your treatment may consist of one or more of the following:
- Thyroidectomy: This involves surgically removing part or all of the thyroid gland.
- Radioactive Iodine treatment: This is a form of radiation treatment given in liquid or tablet form that often follows a thyroidectomy.
- Replacement hormone therapy: If some or all of your thyroid gland is removed it will no longer be able to produce hormones to regulate your metabolic system, so you will need to take tablets to replace these hormones.